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Definition of a Footnote and Everything You Need to Know for Proper Usage

What Is a Footnote, When It’s Used

A Footnote can be described as a kind of documentation used mainly by academic writers, which shows below a page of a particular text, as the name means. Footnotes are usually numbered in a sequential order all through the book or text and they have diverse kinds of content, including extensive discussion resembling the text itself or concise bibliographic record and can be generated sometimes through a free paraphrase generator.

Footnote is used to acknowledge and give credit to sources of any borrowed, paraphrased or summarized material. They are premeditated to refer readers to the exact pages of the works listed in the Bibliography, References or Works Cited section. The fonts of footnotes are very small and occasionally in an alternating typeface in some cases. To some extent, it serves as a means of telling the readers that the notes are minor to the major text. It always contains the name of the author, publication information, publication title, publication date as well as the page numbers, if you are using the source for the first time. At the end of the sentence referring to the source, footnotes should go well with a superscript number.

Purpose of Footnotes

how to properly use footnotes guide

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  • Recognition: Allowing the entire universe understand the fact that the success of the work would not have been possible without the support of their spouse, for instance.
  • Protection: Making all efforts to avoid distortion of data, fabrication of evidence, accusations of fraud and plagiarism.
  • Provenance: Talk about prominent thinkers to confirm the academic heritage of their ideas, and allowing other readers to know the distinctiveness of other members of the intellectual club they want to be related with.
  • Commentary: Reacting to their texts, including tirades, tangents, clarifications and anecdotes.
  • Tracing: This is revealing exactly the place a fact or an idea was taken from the work of someone else, in such a manner that an inquisitive reader will have no trouble in going straight to the source.
  • Validation: Author discovering and showing that they are improving on the ideas of their predecessors.

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When Footnote Is Used

There are several occasions when footnotes can be used. Such paraphrasing techniques include the following:

  • Anytime you paraphrase or quote a particular source, provide a note.
  • If you cite statistics or other information from a certain source, make sure you mention that source.
  • Content footnotes are used to provide additional information on a particular topic not directly associated with the text. You should shun adding irrelevant information or writing long paragraphs because content footnote should be brief.
  • Copyright permission footnotes can be used to cite reprinted or adapted materials in paper, particularly quotations, tables and data sets that are more than 400 words.
  • When you discover a special interpretation or a particular shared by one or a few scholar, you must cite the source.

purpose of footnotes

How to Format Footnotes, What Styles to Use

You can format a footnote in two ways:

  • Listed under the relevant page
  • Gather all altogether on a new page, next to the References page(s)

The title Footnotes should be centralized at the top of the page if the footnotes are assembled on a separate page. However, don’t format the title with quotation marks, underlings, italics and bold.

Align the very first line of every footnote 5 spaces beginning from the margin on the left, and double-space the whole page. Format each footnote number as a superscript, and site it after all punctuation marks apart from a long dash (—).

footnote vs citation

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Few Examples of Footnotes

Sample #1

It is widespread that patients who suffer from Colotis and Crohn can develop a lot of incapacitating signs.¹

Footnote:

¹See the CNFA.is website for additional information as regards the signs that Colitis and Crohn patients may experience.

Sample #2

A wide range of study recommends that increasing fundamental literacy skills in early childhood can contribute to great success in obtaining powerful understanding skills later in school.²

Footnote:

²A wide range of study based articles and ideas for increasing early learning skills can be instituted at www.atomicrockets.com.

Sample #3

Despite the fact that it is normally implicit that all huge dogs need abundant amounts of exercise that would stop them from being appropriate pets for slighter habitations, latest study has recommended that this is an erroneous belief.³

Footnote:

³See Smith (2013) to discover further information that is particular to huge dogs and exercise needs.

Sample #4

Malpractice law suit filings have restriction that might stop the wounded from trailing the route necessary to get compensation for injuries as a result of negligence by nurses, doctors, or other staff of the hospital, in many states.4

Footnote:

4Refer to BenJohn (2007) to get more information concerning limitations by state

Sample Footnote #5

More study is behind the idea chocolate can have positive impacts on the body when consumed, even as nearly all candy and sweet treats are alleged to have a negative effect on those with, or vulnerable to having diabetes.5

Footnote:

5Make a reference to Braundein (2011) for certain gains of chocolate consumption.

Conclusion

The footnote of your text is very important, particularly when you are writing your term paper or project. It allows you to give credit to sources of any borrowed, paraphrased or summarized material. The above facts about footnote will guide you in writing your next text with ease, give credit to sources of any borrowed, paraphrased or summarized material

Do you still want to learn more about footnote and how to write one perfectly? Click here!